دانشجوی دکتری تاریخ تمدن و ملل اسلامی، دانشگاه آزاد (واحد علوم و تحقیقات)
عنوان مقاله [English]
Trisection of an angle is one of the famous problems in the history of mathematics. The impossibility of trisecting an angle with a straightedge and compasses was known. Therefore finding an accurate approximation of irrational quantity of the Sine of degree- which was important for setting up sine tables in Z?jes, and also for astronomical calculations- is very difficult. So, many scientists devoted their attempts to find a solution to this problem. M?rz? Ab? Tor?b Nat?anz?, a scholar of the Qajarid era, in a Persian treatise entitled Dar ma‘rifat-i watar-i thulth-i qaws-i ma‘l?mat al-watar (on the knowledge of the chord of one-third of an arc with a known chord), presented a geometrical method for trisecting an angle which turns out to be mathematically equivalent to the algebraic method of Jamsh?d K?sh?n? (al-K?sh?) for finding the Sine of one degree. Surveying different approximate methods of trisecting an angle in ancient Greek and Islamic periods, this paper presents a critical edition and a commentary of M?rz? Ab? Tor?b’s treatise.