عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
From bygone to now, Colors are aspects of nature that have been regarded scientists. In ancient Greece, essence of color and its relationship with light and vision in Natural Philosophy and especially Optics has been studied. Results of Greek thinkers in the field Chromatics, from Pythagoras to Aristotle through of translating scientific and philosophical texts, received to Muslim scholars and have been improved. Among Muslim scholars until the end of the sixth century AH, theories of intellectuals like Al-Kindi, Ayub Surrey, Ikhwan al-Safa, Ibn Hytham, Avicenna, Suhrawardi and Neyshbori are considerable. Review theories of these scientists show that Chromatics in the Muslim world strongly influenced by the Greeks knowledge and especially Aristotle. These theories have been discussed relationship of light and colors, essence of colors, color mixing and identify the main colors.