عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the social and cultural developments produced during the Qajar period is the introduction of new methods of primary education. In fact, the methods used for teaching reading and writing abilities in the course of the last century are based on the theoretical efforts and practical experiences of the Qajar period. The most significant development occurred with the introduction of the new methods for teaching the alphabet. It was only after the widespread use of these methods that the genaralisation of public eduction and the the creation of a nation-wide educational network became possible. The development of modern primary eduction in Iran has been conditioned by several factors: the increasing number of the Iranian students graduated from foreign educational centers, the acquaintance of the Iranian elite with foreign languages and their alphabets, the influence of the new educational experiences made in the Ottoman Empire, and the establishment of foreing schools in Iran. In this paper we have a short look the early experiences in this field and the challenges they represented.