عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Qasim‘Ali Qayinis Manaz?ir wa Maraya, that has written in 11th century A.H./18th A.D., is one of the last works in Muslim’s tradition of Optical writings. In this work, Qayini? has defined the scope of ‘Ilm-i- manaz?ir and has referred some predecessor like Euclid and Kindi. Moreover he proceeds popular topics in optical works like reflection and refraction of light, burning tools, rainbow, the moon’s halo, the dark room, and the field of view in flat mirrors.