پنج روایت عربی کتاب «فی الکرة المتحرکة» اوطولوقس (قضیۀ هفتم)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه مک گیل

2 مؤسسۀ مطالعات اسلامی، دانشگاه مک‌گیل مونترال، کانادا

چکیده

کتاب فی الکرة المتحرکة یکی از قدیمی‌ترین آثار موجود ریاضیات یونان باستان است. این اثر که یکی از کتاب‌های متوسطات بود و در فاصلۀ میان اصول اقلیدس و مجسطی بطلمیوس خوانده می‌شد، در قرن سوم هجری به عربی ترجمه شد. علاوه بر این چندین بازنویسی و تحریر از این اثر در دورۀ اسلامی فراهم آمد. ما با بررسی نسخه‌های موجود این اثر پنج روایت مختلف از آن را شناسایی کردیم. در این مقاله، با تمرکز بر قضیۀ هفتم این کتاب، ما به بررسی این پنج روایت می‌پردازیم تا از این طریق ارتباط این روایت‌ها را با یکدیگر و با متن یونانی موجود این اثر روشن کنیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Five Arabic Revisions of Autolycus’ On the Moving Sphere (Proposition VII)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sajjad Nikfahm-Khubravan 1
  • Osama Eshera 2
1 McGill University
2 Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University Montreal, Canada
چکیده [English]

Autolycus’ On the Moving Sphere is among the earliest Greek mathematical works to reach us and was considered a staple of the middle books, to be studied between the Elements and the Almagest. This was among the many mathematical works translated to Arabic in the 3rd/9th century and it was the subject of several translations, redactions, and recensions. Analyzing the available copies of al-Kura al-mutaḥarrika, five different versions were identified. In this paper, we analyze these five versions, with a focus on the seventh proposition, in order to characterize their relations to each other and to the extant Greek text.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Autolycus (Ūṭūlūqus)
  • Isḥāq ibn Ḥunayn
  • al-Kindī
  • Middle books
  • Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Maghribī
  • Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī
  • On the Moving Sphere (Fī al-kura al-mutaḥarrika)
  • Thābit ibn Qurra

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