عنوان مقاله [English]
When Greek thinkers sought to find natural reasons for what was happening around them and to abandon transcendental ideas such as the intervention of spirits and divine reproach, these efforts were made by Hippocrates in medicine. Hippocrates removed the concepts of superstition, magic, and religion from medicine. He rejected the belief of his contemporaries that the disease was caused by the vengeful gods, and instead stated that every disease has a natural cause, and that if you find the natural cause, you can cure the disease.
Therefore, the problem of the present study is to study the medical theory of Hippocrates and to answer the question of how did Hippocrates remove the transcendental causes from medicine and what natural causes replaced them? For this purpose, the article consists of four parts: in the first part, the theory of quadruple mixing, which is the basis of Hippocratic medical theory, and in the second part, Hippocrates' view of the concept of health and in the third part, the concept of disease and classification of diseases and Pathogens have been studied and in the final part of the treatment and treatment of diseases from the point of view of Hippocrates. This research has been done by library method and relying on works attributed to Hippocrates. An examination of the works of Hippocrates shows that in medical reconstruction, Hippocrates established a medical system independent of the supernatural and based on natural philosophy. Hippocrates' medicine, in addition to being based on reason, was patient-centered rather than disease-oriented and focused more on observation and experience. Instead of metamaterial factors, he considered the causes of diseases as two types of internal and external factors. Internal factors meant in vivo mixing and external factors meant environmental factors and a person's lifestyle. He also categorized diseases in order to better understand and treat diseases: acute and chronic, endemic or endemic, and epidemic.