عنوان مقاله [English]
Dominant narratives in historiography, policy, and administration of Iranian higher education in recent two decades are talking about the linear historical evolution of universities from the First generation/ educational/ French/ Napoleonic model of higher education to Second generation/research/ German/ Humboldtian model and finally third generation/ entrepreneurial/ American/ startup-oriented model in the world and accordingly in contemporary Iran. However, a literature review of Persian resources shows that except for some sporadic abstract generalities, there aren’t any considerable content about first-generation university i.e. Napoleonic/French/ educational model and its historical conformity with the First French generation of higher education institutes in Iran i.e DarolFonoun; although, that is the main platform of Iranian university upon which second and third models have been built. Trying to relieve this fault in the intellectual and strategic research literature, this paper in the first step introduces the idea of Polytechnique as the First French generation of universities in the context of Napoleon's revolutionary state, technocracy as his government's discourse, and Henri de Saint-Simon and Auguste Comte's "System of Positive Polity". In the second step establishing the Iranian Polytechnique i.e Dār al-Funūn is being studied in the context of Nāṣir al-Dīn Shāh’s reform (Tanẓīmāt) era towards the modernization of governance. Finally, some implications of the Polytechnique-laden foundation of Iranian higher education are noticed for further studies and policy research.