Kharaqī’s Star Catalogue: A Star table from Medieval Arabic Astronomy

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی/پژوهشکده تاریخ علم/دانشگاه تهران

2 پژوهشکده تاریخ علم دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

جدول‌های ستارگان که در دورۀ اسلامی نوشته شده‌اند بسیار متأثر از آثار بطلمیوس هستند. بررسی این جدول‌ها در محیط نجوم دورۀ اسلامی می‌تواند نکته‌های تاریخی بسیاری را در بارۀ چگونگی نوشته شدن آن‌ها بر ما آشکار کند. این مقاله به فهرستی از ستارگان در یکی از مهم‌ترین آثار سنت هیئت می‌پردازد. منتهی الإدراک فی تقاسیم الأفلاک نوشتۀ عبدالجبار بن عبدالجبار خرقی (472-553ق). در این مقاله در بارۀ نوشته شدن فهرست‌های ستارگان در آثار هیئت سخن گفته شده است و نیز مشخصات، منابع و تفاوت‌های جدول خرقی را بررسی می‌کند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Kharaqī’s Star Catalogue: A Star table from Medieval Arabic Astronomy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hanif Ghalandari 1
  • Hassan Amini 2
1 Faculty Member, Institute of the History of Science, University of Tehran
2 Institute for History of Science University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

In the Classical Islamic age, the star catalogues are highly influenced by Ptolemy's work. Nevertheless, Arab scholars were active in making amendments to Almagest’s values. Studying these catalogues in their context related to Arabic astronomical traditions will shed some light on the historical evolution of the subject. This paper focuses on the star catalogues in hayʾa tradition, specifically Muntaha al-ʾidrāk fī taqāsīm al-ʾaflāk (The Utmost Attainment on the Devisions of the Orbs), by ʿAbd al-Jabbār al-Kharaqī (1084-1158 A.D.), which presents a relatively detailed star catalogue. We introduce this catalogue, identify its sources, and discuss its distinctive features.

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