نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 تاریخ و فلسفه علم، دانشکده الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه تهران
2 دکترای تاریخ و تمدن ملل اسلامی، دانشگاه بینالمللی امام خمینی قزوین
عنوان مقاله [English]
The subject of automatic fountains or fountains that change their shape without the intervention of an external agent at specific time intervals is one of the subjects mentioned in the books of Muslim scientists in the domain of Al-Hiyal. , (the approximate equivalent of mechanical engineering). The first examples of this type of fountain are given by Banū Mūsā ibn Shākir in the book al-Hiyal. Apparently these designs were independent of Greek heritage and the result of the genius and thought of Banū Mūsā ibn Shākir. After Banū Mūsā, al-Jazarī in the automatic fountains section of his book while criticizing the fountain designs of Bani-Musa provided new examples of this type of fountain. Despite the apparent difference between al-Jazarī's designs and the fountains designed by Banū Mūsā and al-Jazarī's emphasis on not using their methods in fountain design, it seems that he has been largely influenced by the ideas of by Banū Mūsā in this book, together with a brief description of automatic fountains from the two books mentioned, the extent of this effectiveness is examined.